Causes and Risk Factors for Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is a condition that occurs when the fibrous attachment that connects the toes to the heel becomes irritated and inflamed. This band of tissue is medically known as the plantar fascia and is essential in supporting the foot's arch and biomechanics during activities, such as walking and running. Excessive tension and stress can lead to damage and inflammation of the plantar fascia. The primary cause of plantar fasciitis is overuse, resulting from daily activities or intense physical exertion. This overuse can lead to inflammation, which causes swelling, tenderness, and pain primarily in one foot, though both feet can be affected simultaneously. Contributing factors to plantar fasciitis can include a sudden increase in physical activity, prolonged standing on hard surfaces, and walking barefoot. In addition, inadequate foot support from ill-fitting shoes, certain medical conditions, and rheumatoid arthritis may result in plantar fasciitis. Further, obesity, flat or high-arched feet, and lack of warmups before exercise may be factors. Regular use of high-heeled shoes, and wearing worn-out footwear are also known causes. Certain risk factors increase the likelihood of developing plantar fasciitis. Overweight individuals experiencing heightened pressure on the plantar fascia ligaments are more susceptible. Wearing unsupportive footwear, such as high heels, further elevates the risk. To reduce or eliminate the pain of plantar fasciitis, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a chiropodist who can offer treatment options. 

Plantar fasciitis can be painful and interfere with your daily activities. If you are experiencing foot or heel pain and believe you may be afflicted with plantar fasciitis, please consult with one of the chiropodists from The Footcare Centre. Our chiropodists will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment. 

What Is Plantar Fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis refers to the inflammation of the plantar fascia, a ligament that runs along the bottom of the foot and connects the heel bone to the toes. Repetitive activities, such as running or jumping, can injure the plantar fascia over time. Plantar fasciitis can also be caused by flat feet, high arches, pregnancy, and activities that put excessive pressure on your feet, like standing all day for work. When the plantar fascia becomes inflamed, it causes pain and discomfort. 


Typical symptoms of plantar fasciitis include:

  • Stabbing pain near the heel

  • Pain that is worst in the morning or after a period of rest

  • Pain that increases after exercising

  • Swelling

  • Tightness in the Achilles tendon


Plantar fasciitis is typically diagnosed via medical history and physical examination. 


Treatments for plantar fasciitis include resting and icing the affected foot, stretching the foot, taking medications to reduce inflammation, and wearing orthotics. In severe cases where pain does not improve with conservative treatments, injections or surgery may be recommended. 

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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